Germany’s ODA is sourced from the budgets of different ministries. The largest share of total ODA comes from the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) (51% in 2014). Another 22% is raised by Germany’s development bank KfW on capital markets. The Federal Foreign Office, which manages most of the funding for humanitarian assistance and for UN peace missions, accounts for 9% of ODA overall.
BMZ’s budget will be €8.5 billion (US$11.3 billion) in 2017, a 15% increase from 2016. Germany plans to increase its ODA by a total of €8.3 billion (US$11 billion) from 2016 to 2019.
The German budget provides relatively detailed information on funding channels but shows little detail on recipients and sectors
Compared to other donors, the German budget provides relatively detailed information on funding channels but shows little detail on recipients and sectors. This allows the government to make multi-year commitments to some items based on ‘commitment appropriations’, which implies that certain amounts may be taken out of future budgets to be committed or spent now. They are thus important for organizations seeking multi-year funding commitments. Breakdowns of bilateral cooperation by region and sector are provided to Parliament through so-called ‘confidential remarks’, which are not available to the public.
Germany’s multilateral spending is mostly comprised of assessed contributions to the European Development Fund (EDF) and multilateral development banks. They account for around 20% of the BMZ’s multilateral budget. These budget lines are fixed by legally binding, multi-year commitments and thus cannot be influenced. The remainders are voluntary contributions. Within this category, only the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) has an individual budget line with binding multi-year commitments from BMZ. For other multilateral organizations, there are no individual budget lines and contributions are included in the commitment appropriations, which need to be protected from year to year.
|Overview: 2017 BMZ Budget||millions €||millions US$|
|European Development Fund||822||1,090|
|Multilateral organizations related to climate change and biodiversity||254||337|
|The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria||230||305|
|World Food Programme||28||37|
|The Global Agriculture and Food Security Program||20||27|
|International Fund for Agricultural Development||18||24|
|World Bank Group||661||878|
|African Development Bank||190||252|
|Asian Development Bank||72||96|
|Cooperation w/ CSO's, private sector & others||987||1,310|
|Tackling root causes of displacement||395||524|
|One World – No Hunger||220||292|
|International efforts to fight climate change||163||217|
|Stability and development in the MENA region||70||93|
|Administrative and personnel expenses||88||116|